Roger J. Wendell
Defending 3.8 Billion Years of Organic EvolutionSM


Fossil Paleontology
I've always had a keen interest in the origins of life, Biology, and Science in general. As such, this page will remain a work-in-progress that features aspects of paleontology that are of interest to me. And, please don't misunderstand; I am a rank amateur and not at all an authority on the topic other than my deep passion for learning more about the origins of life and evolution on our planet!

Paleontology (or, sometimes, palaeontology) is defined as the scientific study of life existent prior to, but sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch [The Holocene is the geological epoch which began at the end of the Pleistocene (at 11,700 calendar years BP) and continues to the present]. Paleontology includes the study of fossils to determine organisms' evolution and interactions with each other and their environments (their paleoecology). Paleontology lies on the border between biology and geology, but differs from archaeology in that it excludes the study of morphologically modern humans.



Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my page on Evolution...
Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my page on Life...
Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my page on cosmology...


Bill Nye "When people talk about ancient life, they frequently talk about the 'fossil record.' But let's be clear: The fossil record isn't a tidy clean recording. No one went to a studio and methodically laid down some tracks, the way a rock and roll band records an album. The evidence embedded in Earth's rocks is more like the work of a band that recorded with a faulty microphone and then accidentally recoded over most of the tracks. On top of that, when they were finished, they lost almost all of the final versions. Most living things never get fossilized, and most fossils end up in places where they are impossible to discover. It is impressive that paleontologists have been able to reconstruct the lives of individual plants and animals. It is downright amazing that they have found enough fossils to deduce the broad sweep of evolution's great busts and booms - including one wild episode of innovation that led to all of the large animals living today."
- Bill Nye in his book, Undeniable (Evolution, and the Science of Creation), p. 95


If by some accident, vertebrates had vanished in the Cambrian along with most of the experimental forms, how would the history of life have unfolded? There certainly would have been no dinosaurs, nor would there be mammals - or humans. Each time you replay the tape of life's history, it comes out differently. If the random, unpredictable effects of an asteroid impact in Mexico and huge eruptions of lava in India 65 million years ago had not wiped out the dinosaurs, the mammals would never have grown any bigger than they had during the 120 million years of the Age of Dinosaurs, and humans would not be here, either. The modern world is an improbable, lucky accident, one of millions of possible ways in which the scenarios of life could have progressed. All living organisms are not the inevitable outcome of long-term evolution, but the descendants of ancestors that happened to survive many mass extinctions and other random events."
- Donald R. Prothero in his book,
The Story of Life in 25 Fossils
(Tales of Intrepid Fossil Hunters and the Wonders of Evolution), p. 48.





Links, Pix, Games and Graphs:

  1. arXiv.org - Cornell University Library
  2. Academic Earth - Free video courses from leading universities
  3. Animals
  4. APS - American Physical Society
  5. Biodiversity
  6. Biology
  7. Britney Spears - Semiconductor Physics
  8. 1728 All kinds of online calculators!
  9. Computer Stuff
  10. Cosmology
  11. DAS - Denver Astronomical Society
  12. Earth Impact Effects Program
  13. Electromagnetic Spectrum (expanded view) (71k)
  14. Energy
  15. Engineers Without Borders (Ingénieurs sans frontières)
  16. Evolution
  17. Extinction
  18. Few-Body Group
  19. Free Math Help
  20. Gravity Probe B - testing Einstein's Universe...
  21. ICZN International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature
  22. Insects
  23. Institute of Physics - Promoting physics... Support physicists...
  24. KamLAND Neutrino Detector
  25. Life
  1. Metric Conversions - Science Made Simple, Inc.
  2. Murayama, Hitoshi - Unveiling the Universe
  3. NIST's reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty...
  4. Nuclear Power
  5. Neutrinos - Three Flavor Oscillation Analysis of Atmospheric Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande by Roger A. Wendell
  6. Oreodont Ulma
  7. Phi - University of Arizona
  8. Pi pages - a Pi-enriched site
  9. Plants
  10. Prime Numbers
  11. Retraction Watch
  12. Science
  13. Science Friday
  14. Scientific American
  15. Science Friday
  16. Science Hub
  17. Solar and Appropriate Technology
  18. Space Weather
  19. String Theory basics
  20. There is no God
  21. Neutrinos
  22. Time and WWV's Cesium Fountain Clock
  23. USC - Union of Concerned Scientists
  24. Wind Energy and Appropriate Technology
  25. WIPS - Western Interior Paleontological Society




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